gate-control theory – the theory that the spinal cord contains a neurological "gate" that blocks pain signals or allows them to pass on to the brain. The "gate" is opened by the activity of pain signals traveling up small nerve fibers and is closed by activity in larger fibers or by information coming from the brain.
conformity – adjusting behavior to meet a group's standard
ethnocentrism – people believe their own race is best
Explicit Memory – Memories that you can recall through conscious effort
maturation – biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience.
Psychoanalytic theory was founded by: – Sigmund Freud.
rationalization – defense mechanism that offers self-justifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening, unconscious reasons for one's actions.
neural network – refers to interconnected neuron cells
Serotonin – both an excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitter that is involved with sleep, mood, and impulse. an imbalance in it may cause depression or ocd
Which is an example of a nicotine replacement program?
schedules of reinforcement – Programs specifying the frequency and timing of reinforcements.
Two kinds of external validity: generalizability across 1) ______, and generalizability across 2) people. – situations
optic nerve – the axons of the ganglion cells form this
Conditioned stimulus – A previously neutral stimulus that, after becoming associated with the unconditioned stimulus, eventually comes to trigger a conditioned response (The sound of the bell)
School psychology – Handles the problems of students
Corpus Collosum – Connects the two hemispheres.
Which is аn exаmple оf а nicоtine replacement prоgram?
Diffusion of responsibility – Lessens individual responsibility since you are in a group.