Dive Biology Terms Lesson 19

Which process is used to produce beer and wine – alcohol fermentation
photosynthesis – the process by which green plants and some other organisms use the energy of sunlight and simple chemicals to produce their own food
Phosphorous – becomes available for erosion as undersea sedimentary rocks are up-thrust by volcanic activity, erosion releases it from rocks into streams where it combines with oxygen to form phosphates in lakes that are then absorbed by plants, it is recycled through the food chain as animals consume plants and other animals, it is returned to the ground by animal waste.
denitrification – conversion of nitrates into nitrogen.
Biology – The scientific study of life.
acetyl-CoA – Is formed when pyruvate first enters into the mitochondria via active transport.
Which of the following is made in the pancreas?
6.5.7 State that the endocrine system consists of glands that release hormones that are transported in the blood – An endocrine gland is a ductless gland in the body that manufactures chemical messengers called hormones and secretes them directly into the blood

Hormones act on distant sites (target cells) and tend to control slow, long-term activities such as growth and sexual development

interphase – the time interval between cellular reproduction
ligament – Fibrous bands of connective tissue that hold bones together at a joint.
observation – An act of noting and recording an event, characteristic, behavior, or anything else detected with an instrument or with the senses.
turnover time – Standing crop biomass compared to production.
Which оf the fоllоwing is mаde in the pаncreаs?
gastrin – A digestive hormone that stimulates the secretion of gastric juice.
clade – an evolutionary 'branch' and its daughter 'twigs'
evolution – the cumulative change in the heritable
characteristics of a population
vestigial structures – Organs that no longer have any purpose, but may be functional in closely related species.
natural selection – the process where organisms better adapted to their environment tend to survive and reproduce

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