Dive Biology Terms Lesson 1

The anterior pituitary is regulated in part by what other endocrine gland? – The anterior pituitary is partly regulated by the hypothalamus.
inclusive fitness – The total effect an individual has on proliferating its genes by producing its own offspring and by providing aid that enables other close relatives to increase the production of their offspring.
gametes – A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm that unite during sexual reproduction to produce a diploid zygote.
cytoskeleton – a network of fibers that holds the cell together, helps the cell to keep its shape, and aids in movement
stroma – the dense fluid within the chloroplast
Characteristics of Life:
1. Contain DNA
2. Made of cells
3. They reproduce
4. Obtain and use nutrients and energy
5. Evolve
6. Grow
7. Develop
8. Homeostasis – Characteristics of Life:
1. Contain __________
2. Made of __________
3. They __________
4. Obtain and use _________ and __________
5. E__________
6. G_________
7. D___________
8. H______________
proteins – macromolecules that contain nitrogen monomers are amino acids
Nucleus – Organelle in eukaryotes which stores DNA
Which of the following is a function of Vitamin C?
theory – a set of hypothesis that is confirmed to be true many times
ingestion – Taking in food from the environment.
Phenotype – Outward expression of characteristic in organism
Lysosome – A membrane-bound organelle containing intracellular digestive enzymes.
ribosome – organelle that links amino acids together to form proteins…
Bacteria – Another name organisms in Kingdom Monera. They are all single-celled prokaryotic organisms.
platelet – Small, irregularly shaped cell fragments that play a role in reducing blood loss and forming blood clots.
Which оf the fоllоwing is а function of Vitаmin C?
Simple fruits – fruits that develop from a single ripened ovary (apple, olive, acorn, cucumber).
stabilizing selection – Shift that favors the mean.

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