Apologia Biology Module 2: Kingdom Monera (2nd Edition)

Invertebrates – Animals that lack a backbone
flagellum – are the microtubules that are used in movement like propellers
active – type of transport that uses energy
human disturbance – Reduces species diversity in all communities.
endospore – A thick-walled protective spore that forms inside a bacterial cell and resists harsh conditions.
electrogenic pump – A transport protein that generates voltage across a membrane, causing a net separation in charge.
Inversion – A mutation that occurs when a chromosome piece breaks off and reattaches in reverse orientation
Cell Membrane – Outer protective layer found in all cells.
The transverse colon is _____ to the small intestines.
community – All the different populations that live together in an area
Why are species at risk of extinction if there is not enough genetic variation? – There is no natural selection for the species to evolve.
Organ – a group of different tissues working together to perform a function
Reasons things cross the cell membrane – 1.To transport nutrients into the cell.
2.To excrete metabolic waste.
3.To maintain the pH value and ionic concentration of the cell. (Homeostasis!)
The trаnsverse cоlоn is _____ tо the smаll intestines.
oxidation – Loss of electrons.
haploid number (n) – the number of homologous pairs in a diploid cell
catalyst – a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected
Pistil – the female flower structure, containing the style, stigma, and ovary

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