Psychology 100 Vocabulary (chapter 2)

Fetus – the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth. (p. 169)
congruence – harmony between the image people project to others and their true feelings and wishes.
Factor analysis – Correlations among many variables are analyzed to identify closely related clusters of variables.
Types of Coping Strategies – Problem-Focused Coping
Emotion-Focused Coping
Risk/Benefit Assessment – Does the value of increased knowledge outweigh the value of protecting individual rights?
Neurotransmission – transmission of nerve impulses across a synapse
Rogers recommended that therapists be objective, communicating neither liking nor dislike of a client as a person.
random assignment – researchers' assignment of participants to groups by chance, to reduce the likelihood that an experiments results will be due to preexisting differences between groups
Fixation – (1) the inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set. (2) according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved.
Excitatory PSP – A positive voltage shift that increases the likelihood that the postsynaptic neuron will fire action potentials.
Iconic memory – A photographic memory.
Rоgers recоmmended thаt therаpists be оbjective, communicаting neither liking nor dislike of a client as a person.
frequency theory – theory that explains how frequency of a sound wave is translated into pitch – the vibration of the basilar membrane matches the frequency of the sound wave that entered the ear
internal locus of control – the perception that one controls one's own fate.
APA Code of Ethics – 8 codes reflecting ethical regulations about an experiment with a human or animal subject
Psychoanalytic perspective – unconscious forces on human behavior
personality – distinctive and relatively stable pattern of behaviors, thoughts, motives, and emotions that characterizes a person throughout life.

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