Biology Chapter 9: Patterns Of Inheritance

How are penguins adapted to their environment? – – A counter current circulatory system, so blood is warmed before it re-enters the body.
– Biochemical adaptations (antifreeze proteins in cells in their feet).
Organic – Refers to a substance, usually of biological origin, containing BOTH carbon AND hydrogen, and often other elements as well. Glucose, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, vitamins, etc. (NOT minerals)
Anaerobic respiration – Respiration without oxygen. It releases less energy than aerobic respiration.
cotransport – The coupling of the "downhill" diffusion of one substance to the "uphill" transport of another against its own concentration gradient.
Cell Theory – 1. All living things are made up of cells
2. Cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living things
3. New cells come from existing cells
Vacuole – Membrane-bound vesicle for temporary storage of materials such as food, enzymes, and wastes.
Aggregate fruit – is a compound fruit that develops from many ovaries of a single flower fusing together (raspberry).
Which of the following organs would have functions in both the digestive and endocrine systems?
chromosome – DNA coiled around histone proteins and then further condensed into a thread-like structure, each species has a characteristic number
WHAT IS NOT FOUND IN THE NUCLEOTIDE OF DNA? – Citric acid
Which оf the fоllоwing orgаns would hаve functions in both the digestive аnd endocrine systems?
Omnivore – an organisim that eats plants and animals
What is reproduction? – the passing of hereditary information from parent to offspring
ribosomal RNA – rRNA, a type of RNA that makes up the major part of ribosomes 12-3

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