Ap Psychology Unit 4

Today about two-thirds of psychologists are involved in: – Professional services.
Longitudinal design – A research design in which investigators observe one group of subjects repeatedly over a period of time.
catharsis – release of aggressive energy through activity or fantasy
validity – the extent to which a test or experiment measures or predicts what it is supposed to
Does correlation = causation? – NO
color constancy – tendency to perceive familiar objects as a color despite changes in sensory information; example-blue under fluorescent lights but not so blue and natural light–> it is still blue
Dependent Variable – Variable that an experimenter measures to see whether the manipulation has an effect.
Personality – An individual's unique constellation of consistent behavioral traits.
Preserving and protecting our existence led to the system of the:
Negative Reinforcement – Subtracting a stimulus
generalization – the tendency to respond to similar stimuli (for example, a dog trained with a bell also drooling to the doorbell and a phone ringing)
Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love says that companionate love consists of – intimacy and commitment.
Synapse – a junction where the information is transmitted from one neuron to another
Difference threshold – minimum amount of difference that can be detected
In an interview lineup of applicants where do you want to be? – You want to be either at the beginning or the very end (beginning becomes part of the long term memory)
Sympathetic Nervous System – – Providing an immediate response, in a split second, to any kind of emergency, specifically situations that are stressful, threatening and entail vigorous activity.
– Sends a message to the adrenal glands to secrete the hormones adrenalin and noradrenalin.
– Increase in heart rate, respiration rate and adrenal gland activity
– Decrease in saliva production, stomach contractions and gall bladder activity
Preserving аnd prоtecting оur existence led tо the system of the:
cognitive psychology – The scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
Method of loci – A mnemonic technique that involves associating items on a list with a sequence of familiar physical locations
pitch – highness or lowness of sound, a function of frequency (wavelength)
Attachment – The enduring social-emotional relationship between a child and a parent or other regular caregiver.

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