Research Methods: Thinking Critically With Psychological Science

Association Areas – Found in every lobe of the brain and they are the brain areas where complex cognitive processes take place, such as thinking, decision making, planning, initiating movements, analysis, synthesis and language. They integrate information by combining and processing sensory information and link it with pre-existing ideas, concepts and memories, allowing us to recognise familiar objects, people and experiences.
Self-Awareness – being aware of the difference of where you currently are and where you would like to be (high in self-awareness tend to perform on our own standards)
agoraphobia – fear of being alone in open or public places
Fixed-action patterns (8.21) – Genetically based behaviors, seen across a species, that can be set off by a specific stimulus. This concept has replaced the older notion of instinct.
Aphasia – impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's Area (impairing speaking) or to Wernicke's area (impairing understanding)
substance related disorder – regular overuse of psychoactive substances (alcohol, amphetamines, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, opioids, and sedatives) that affect the central nervous system
nervous system – Primary internal communication network of the body divided into the central and peripheral nervous system.
crowding – comedy records seem funnier in crowds, a good house is a full one, arousal triggered by crowding amplifies rections
A disorder like PTSD that is characterized by feelings of anxiety and helplessness caused by a traumatic event, acute stress occurs withing a month of the event and lasts from two days to four weeks. – What is acute stress disorder?
In their research on modeling, Bandura, Ross, and Ross (1963) found that children are most likely to imitate adults who are
Dominant gene – The gene that is expressed when paired genes are different.
Parietal Lobes – portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the top of the head and toward the rear; receives sensory input for touch and body position.
cross-sectional study – a study in which people of different ages are compared with one another
Fetus – the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth
hypothesis – an assumption about behavior that is tested through scientific research
In their reseаrch оn mоdeling, Bаndurа, Rоss, and Ross (1963) found that children are most likely to imitate adults who are
Amplitude – Loudness measured in decibels
James Russel sees emotion experience in two dimension: – From pleasant to unpleasant, from low to hight arousal

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