Biology Unit 2 Name That Biome

Nucleolus – Where ribosomes are assembled
DNA – blueprint for the genetic code known as deoxyribonucleic acid
An organism that makes it's own food, gets its energy from the sun. Ex. plants, green algae, and some bacteria – Producer or Autotroph
energy – the capacity to cause change/to do work
excretion – the removal of soluble waste materials
gene expression – Conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into messenger RNA and then to a protein.
chlorophyll b – accessory photosynthetic pigment which transfers energy to chlorophyll b
cytoplasm – material inside the cell membrane—not including the nucleus
foramen ovale – An opening between the right and left atrium that closes as soon as a baby is born.
ribozymes – RNA molecules that function as enzymes.
Robert Chambers, a Scottish geologist and author of Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, is often overlooked for which very important contribution?
binomial nomenclature – …, Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
aerobic – process that requires oxygen to occur.
isotonic – All materials in/out of the cell are at equilibrium
tube feet – Hollow tubes found on the underside of a starfish. Each one is connected to a system in which the pressure can be regulated. Using this system, the starfish can grip any surface to anchor itself, or pry apart mollusk's shells.
independent variables – (AKA: manipulated variable) Variable that differs between the control group and the experimental group. The factor that is being tested and manipulated by the experimenter.
Rоbert Chаmbers, а Scоttish geоlogist аnd author of Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, is often overlooked for which very important contribution?
hypothesis – A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
organelle – a cell part that performs a specific function
An electron carrier is a… – compound that can accept a pair of high-energy electrons and transfer them, along with most of their energy, to another molecule.
What are the three phases of the Cell Cycle? – Interphase, Mitosis. Cytokinesis

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