Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary(mid Term & Eoc)

How have organisms adapted to survive with a lack of water? – – Concentrated urine
– Cacti have deep roots and can store water in the stem
carrier – a heterozygous organism that is normal for a trait but has a recessive gene for an undesirable trait and can transmit that gene to offspring
chromatid – a duplicated chromosome attached to a centromere
Sperm – The haploid gamete cell that forms as a result of meiosis in a male
isomer – One of several organic compounds with the same molecular formula but different structures and therefore different properties. The three types of isomers are structural isomers, geometric isomers, and enantiomers.
Fermentation – Process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen (ex. lactic acid or alcoholic).
Scientists show the energy loss between trophic levels in an ecosystem – Energy Pyramid
parthenogenesis – A form of asexual reproduction between females that allows them to produce offspring from unfertilized eggs.
Cells divide for an organism to grow or reproduce, every new cell needs a copy of the DNA or instructions to know how to be a cell. DNA replicates right before a cell divides. – Why does DNA need to copy?
competitive – a _____ inhibitor decreases an enzyme's activity by binding to the active site; can be overcome by increasing concentration of the substrate
Which bone cell responsible for maintenance of daily metabolism?
catabolic pathways – Metabolic pathways that release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpler compounds.
Calvin cyle – stroma of chloroplast
element – any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
RNA into protein is called? – translation
organs – Tissues are organized into:, group of tissues that work together to perform closely related functions.
Which bоne cell respоnsible fоr mаintenаnce of dаily metabolism?
nucleic acid probe – In DNA technology, a labeled single-stranded nucleic acid molecule used to find a specific gene or other nucleotide sequence within a mass of DNA. The probe hydrogen-bonds to the complementary sequence in the targeted DNA.
(T/F) Platelets play a key role in the immune response. – False, platelets play a key role in blood clotting
transmembrane protein – integral protein that span the membrane
Line Graph – used to see trends; numbers and numbers

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