Biology Eoc Review Vocabulary

1. Induce phosphorylation of the ubiquitin ligase, Mdm2
2. Induce a decrease in Mdm2 protein production – DNA damage can result in what two results (with Mdm2)?
obligate anaerobe – Bacteria that only grow in the absence of oxygen.
exocytosis – The process used to get substances (which are not soluble in the cell membrane) out of a cell using vesicles.
Left atrium – receives blood returning to the heart from the pulmonary veins
Antigen – foreign substance that triggers an immune response
"high-throughput" technology – tools that can analyze many biological samples very rapidly
atomic mass – approximately equivalent to the number of protons and neutrons in an atom
Active transport – Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the plasma membrane against a concentration gradient.
Sally has an autoimmune disorder.  Her T cells are attacking the pancreatic cells that produce insulin.  Of the following choices, what seems to be malfunctioning?
Carbon cycle – the series of processes by which carbon compounds are interconverted in the environment, chiefly involving the incorporation of carbon dioxide into living tissue by photosynthesis and its return to the atmosphere through respiration, the decay of dead organisms, and the burning of fossil fuels.
Eukaryotic – Referring to organisms of the domain Eukara (plants, animals, fungi, and protists). They have genetic material enclosed nucleus and contain other membrane-bound organelles.
palisade cells – Contain chloroplasts and are the cells in the leaf where most photosynthesis occurs.
Sаlly hаs аn autоimmune disоrder.  Her T cells are attacking the pancreatic cells that prоduce insulin.  Of the following choices, what seems to be malfunctioning?
Haploid – Cell with half the number of chromosomes (n) as a diploid (2n) cell.

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