Biology Chapter 16: Microbial Life: Prokaryotes And Protists

activation energy – kinetic energy required to initiate a chemical reaction
Tissue – A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
Heterotrophs – Organisms that depend on other organisms for their food
stabilizing selection – Form of natural selection by which the center of the curve remains in its current position; occurs when individuals near the center of a distribution curve have higher fitness than individuals at either end
deliquescent – A branching pattern in which there is no dominant stem or bud in the mature plant. This can result in a rounder shaped, as there is no single dominant branch.
The human chromosome number – 46
Plasma Membrane – A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encapsulates a cell and controls the movement of materials in and out of the cell through active or passive transport.
Alternation of generation – Alternating sexual and asexual generation reproduction
Gonad – A general term for the organ that produces gametes
The whitish structure at the tip of the pointer is the:
incomplete dominance – A pattern of inheritance in which two alleles, inherited from the parents, are neither dominant nor recessive. The resulting offspring have a phenotype that is a blending of the parental traits.
hypertonic solution – A solution that has a greater solute concentration than the solution on the other side of a membrane.
DNA – the genetic or hereditary material
amino acid – an organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups, that serves as the monomers of polypeptides
Each group of cells performs only a few processes – Division of labor
Nucleus – The organelle that contains all of a eukaryotic cells chromosomes (DNA) and directs all cell activities
The whitish structure аt the tip оf the pоinter is the:
Glycolysis – the first series of steps in aerobic and anaerobic respiration in which glucose is broken down into two molecules of pyruvate and there is a net gain of two molecules of ATP
dinoflagellate – A member of a group of protists belonging to the alveolate clade. Dinoflagellates are common components of marine and freshwater phytoplankton.
What is the process of cloning plants called? – Tissue culture.

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