Biology Chapter 1: Biology: Exploring Life

ADP – adenosine diphosphate; results from the removal of one phosphate to release energy for work to be done
NADP+ – In photosynthesis, the major electron carrier involved in electron transport.
Homogeneous mixture – mixture with a uniform composition throughout; aka solution.
Carbonyl Group – carbon atom double bonded to an oxygen (C=O)

A carbonyl group is the Carbon double bonded to Oxygen.

Found in Steroids, waxes and proteins.

learning – A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience.
What are the three stages of cellular respiration? – Pyruvate decarboxylation, the citric acid cycle, and the electron transport chain
exothermic – chemical reaction that yields a net release of energy in the form of heat.
true breeding – two alleles that are at the same location
hybrid – The offspring of parents of two different species or of two different varieties of one species; the offspring of two parents that differ in one or more inherited traits; an individual that is heterozygous for one or more pairs of genes.
Most carbon dioxide is carried in the blood stream ________________.
Habitat – The environment in which a species normally lives or the location of a living organism
WHICH STEP IN THE CELLULAR RESPERATION YEILD THE MOST ATP – Electrong transport chain
Afferent (Sensory) neurons: – neurons that take information from the rest of the body to the brain.
solute – Something dissolved in a solution.
R groups – groups that give different amino acids different properties
Solute – A substances that is dissolved in water. In a saltwater solution it would be the salt.
A typical animal cell contains one or more chloroplasts – false
Mоst cаrbоn diоxide is cаrried in the blood streаm ________________.
What is a hypotonic solution? – When there is a solute concentration that is higher inside the cell, and water diffuses into the cell.
Hydrogen Bond – A strong attraction between hydrogen atoms and certain other atoms, usually oxygen or nitrogen, in specific molecules.
Photosynthesis – Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
Fermentation – An anaerobic (without oxygen) cellular process in which organic foods are converted into simpler compounds (either ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide or lactic acid), and a very small amount of ATP is produced

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