Biology Ch2 All Vocab (olczyk)

fixed mindset – The idea that our abilities and intelligence are static in different areas and that they don't change. "You are either are good at it or not"
Phospholipid Bilayer – A double layer of phospholipids in the plasma membrane, foundation of the cell membrane
stage – Holds the microscope slide in position.
Energy is released by the breaking of phosphate bonds in ATP

true or false – TRUE

differentiation – Change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; specialization
sexual reproduction – A process by which two cells from different parents unite to produce the first cell (zygote) of a new organism.
Primary Structure – The first level of protein structure; the specific sequence of amino acids making up a polypeptide chain.
State what a Northern Blot is used for and describe the 3 major steps performed in it. (4 points) 
sex-linked trait – A trait, associated with a gene that is carried by either the male or female parent(e.g., color blindness and sickle‐cell anemia).
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum – Where components of the cell membrane are assembled along with proteins and other cells materials that will leave the cell. Often times referred to as the intracellular highway
Rough has ribosomes
Rough- makes proteins
gibberellini – any of a large group of plant hormones, promoting stem elongation and leaf growth, and sometimes flowering and generation and utilisation of food reserves in germinating seeds
eukaryote – type of organism whose cells have a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Stаte whаt а Nоrthern Blоt is used fоr and describe the 3 major steps performed in it. (4 points) 
Mitosis – a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus, typical of ordinary tissue growth.
Membrane – A thin sheet of tissue or other material that surrounds a substance or structure. Covers or surrounds organelles, cells, organs, and certain body cavities .
What is diffusion? – The movement of substances from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.

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