Biology Ch01 Miller & Levine 2014 Mr Brown Whs The Science Of Biology

protein – macro-molecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; needed by the body for growth and repair
Organ – a group of different tissues working together to perform a function
veins – Bundles of xylem and phloem.
balance (of nature) – 生态平衡
nucleic acid – genetic information, transmits hereditary info
Orthokinesis – Non-directional response to the speed of an organism
metaphase – the second phase of mitosis; chromosomes congregate along the equatorial plane of the cell
Sexual Reproduction – Producing offspring [Through meiosis and the union of sperm & egg] with combination of genetic material from 2 parent organisms. (pg. 156)
synapsids – have single opning in the outer layer of the skull just behind eye socket
Cellular – adjective. Referring to the cell. Compare with organismal.
In female mammals, one of the X chromosomes in each cell is condensed as a heterochromatic clump early in embryonic development.  What is this condensed X chromosome called?
punctuated equilibrium – periods of rapid evolution punctuated by periods of little change
motor system – The component of the vertebrate peripheral nervous system that carries signals to and from skeletal muscles, mainly in response to external stimuli. Most actions of the motor system are voluntary.
Genesis 1:28 – "Then God blessed them, and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves on the earth." (NKJV)
What is an independent variable? – It is what is being manipulated in an experiment.
chlorophyll – a green pigment that is present in most plant cells, that gives plants their characteristic green color, and that reacts with sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to form carbohydrates
cranium – The human skull consists of the ______________ and the bones of the face.
In femаle mаmmаls, оne оf the X chrоmosomes in each cell is condensed as a heterochromatic clump early in embryonic development.  What is this condensed X chromosome called?
Vesicle – small membrane-bound sac that functions in moving products into, out of, and within a cell

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