Dive Biology Terms Lesson 16

Transport – Circulation. The movement of materials, particularly the movement of materials across a membrane in cells.
Meristem – the plant regions of rapid cell division and growth
Species – Organisms with similar characteristics and with the ability to interbreed to produce fertile offspring.
In living cells, ATP hydrolysis is a common exergonic reaction that drives endergonic reactions – True
Producer – A type of organism that is capable of producing its own food from inorganic raw materials. The majority of them are photosynthetic organisms such as plants and algae.
omnivores – organism that obtains energy by eating both plants and animals.
Determine the function and chemical composition of DNA – DNA is made of deoxyribose sugar and phosphate group sides and nitrogen bases AGCT on the rungs of a double helix
the B in B-cells is for… – antiBodies
Process of recording many (tests) during sleep (performed to diagnosis obstructive sleep apnea
Describe radioactive (carbon 14) dating? How is it used to determine the age of a fossil? – Radioactive elements break down at a very predictable rate and can be used to determine age of a fossil. The amount of C14 left can be used to determine # of half lives that have passed.
Hox genes – Class of homeotic genes. Changes in these genes can have a profound impact on morphology.
What are ribosomes function? – Protein synthesis.
Prоcess оf recоrding mаny (tests) during sleep (performed to diаgnosis obstructive sleep аpnea
element – a collection of atoms that all have the same number of protons
Reliable – trust or count on results of an experiment
codominant alleles – pairs of alleles that both affect
the phenotype when present in a heterozygote.
Nucleic acid – Complex macromolecule that stores and communicates genetic information.
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) – Molecules composed of ribose nucleotides, each of which consists of a phosphate group, a sugar ribose, and one of the bases adenine, cytosine, guanine, uracil; involved in converting the information in DNA into protein.

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