Apologia Biology Vocabulary Module 5: The Chemistry Of Life (2nd Edition)

chemiosmosis – The production of ATP in the electron transport chain as a result of H+ flowing though the protein ATP synthase from the inner mitochondrial space tot the matrix.
metabolism – The sum total of all processes in an organism, which convert energy and matter from the outside sources, and use that energy and matter to sustain the organism's life functions.
external fertilization – the process by which the female lays eggs and the male fertilizes them once they are outside of the female
Omnivores – Organisms that eat both plants and other organisms.
10.2 The light reactions convert solar energy to thee chemical energy of ATP and NADPH – …
Disaccharides – Carbohydrates that are made up of two monosaccharides
Urea – Nitrogenous metabolic
waste made by the
breakdown of amino acids
in the liver and excreted
by the urinary system
anaphase – chromosomes separate and move along spindle fibers to opposite ends of the cell
Buffer – weak acid or base that can react with strong acids or bases to help prevent sharp, sudden changes in pH
A small child with a laceration to the head would require surgical stitching at the edges of the wound or
artificial system of classification – A method of classification based on observable physical traits and characteristics.
Trophic level – a distinct level of feeding within an ecosystem
cornea – The transparent frontal portion of the sclera, which admits light into the vertebrate eye.
altricial – Birds that hatch from their eggs in an undeveloped state. They lack feathers, are blind, and rely on parents to feed them by dropping food into their open mouths.
A smаll child with а lаceratiоn tо the head wоuld require surgical stitching at the edges of the wound or
photoautotrophs – Organisms that use light as a source of energy to synthesize organic substances.
Describe the roles of mRNA and tRNA in the synthesis of proteins – mRNA brings the code to the ribosome and the tRNA brings the AA to the ribosome by matching the anticodon to the codon on the mRNA

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