Apologia Biology Module 6: The Cell (2nd Edition)

duodenum – The first portion of the vertebrate small intestine after the stomach, where chyme from the stomach mixes with bile and digestive enzymes.
biological molecules – the chemical compounds that provide physical structure and that bring about movement, energy, use, and other cellular functions
electron – a subatomic particle with a single negative electrical charge
blastocyst – During pregnancy, it is a mass of cells produced during cleavage that forms a fluid-filled sphere.
greenhouse effect – Natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosphere by carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, and other gases
What is water used for in plants? – Cooling, photosynthesis, support and moving minerals.
How does respiration produce energy from food? – It releases energy from a molecule called ATP.
The energy yielding nutrients include:
Progesterone – A hormone released by the ovaries that is mainly responsible for regulating the menstrual cycle and pregnancy.
lysosome – breaks down lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins into small molecules and breaks down old organelles
27.Isotonic – solution that has an equal concentration of dissolved particles compared with another solution.
530. Villi – Chorion extends fingerlike projections into the lining of the uterus.
The energy yielding nutrients include:
concentration gradient – diffusing from where it is more concentrated to where it is less concentrated is diffusing down a ______ ______
Endoplasmic Reticulum that has no ribosomes. – Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

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