Ap Psychology Zimbardo Chapter 1 + 2

Variable-Ratio – reinforcement is provided after a varying number of correct behaviors
Stroboscopic Motion – An illusion in which images flashed in rapid succession are perceived as moving.
According to Freud, repression is a reaction to… – painful and unpleasant memories
Correlational method – a type of research that is mainly statistical in nature; also, correlational studies determine relationship between two variables
GABA – an inhibitory neurotransmitter that decreases neuron activity. an imbalance of it can cause seizures, epilepsy, and anxiety
Ivan Pavlov – discovered classical conditioning; trained dogs to salivate at the ringing of a bell
thalamus – part of the limbic system located in the center of the brain, this structure relays sensory information from the lower part of the brain to the proper areas of the cortex and processes some sensory information before sending it to its proper area
Inner Ear – the innermost part of the ear, containing the cochlea, semicircular canals, and vestibular sacs.
Mental Age – a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance.
A person is said to be “cognitively complex” if
Functional fixedness – The inability to perceive a new use for an object associated with a different purpose; a form of mental set
Preterm – thins; still have lanugo and vernix. Muscles immature. Birthweight, age, and postnatal care are best predictors of survival and development
clinical/counseling psychology – therapy, helping others
Pictorial depth cues – Clues about distance that can be given in a flat picture.
Tympanic Membrane (4.29) – The eardrum.
A persоn is sаid tо be “cоgnitively complex” if
Adolescence – The transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending from puberty to independence

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