sociocultural perspective – perspective in which abnormal behavior (as well as normal behavior is seen as the product of the learning and shaping of behavior within the context of the family, the social group to which one belongs, and the culture within which the family and social group exist
Preoperational Stage – In Piaget's theory, the stage (ages 2-6 or 7) during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic.
dissociative identity disorder – a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Also called multiple personality disorder.
Continuity – Differentiating between patterns based on the easiest route
visual anatomy – various parts of the eye that allow us to focus, detect, and transduce light energy into neural signals
natural selection – the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations.
Jenna's convenient access to fast-food restaurants such as McDonald's and lack of access to places to exercise is an example of:
Example of Generalization in operant conditioning – When I ask my dog to roll over for a treat he might lie on his side
Rods – Retinal receptors that detect black, white, and gray; necessary for peripheral and twilight vision, when cones don't respond
unconditional positive regard – referring to the warmth, respect, and accepting atmosphere created by the therapist for the client in person-centered therapy.
That are the three methods? – Descriptive, Correlational, Experimental
Ivan Pavlov – Experimented with dogs and discovered Classical Conditioning, pairing specific actions with stimuli
Jennа's cоnvenient аccess tо fаst-fоod restaurants such as McDonald's and lack of access to places to exercise is an example of:
negative symptoms – toneless voices, expressionless faces, mute, rigid bodies
normal curve – the symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes. Most scores fall near the average, and fewer and fewer scores lie near the extremes.
acetylcholine (ACh) – usually stimulates the firing of neurons and is involved in the action of muscles, learning, and memory.
Which of the following would be considered a "reflex" according to classical conditioning? – jumping in response to the "pop" of a firecracker
Jonathon Haidt – countered Kohlberg's theory with "Social Intuitionist" theory; believed we make moral choices based on emotional reactions ("moral feeling") not cold logic