Ap Psychology Ch 2 Myers 7e

Gender Role – The set of social and behavioral norms for each gender held by society.
echoic memory – momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli; sounds can be recalled within 3 or 4 seconds
forebrain – the brain's largest division and its most forward part
Counseling Psychology – a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage) and in achieving greater well-being
perspectiva sociocognitiva – perspectivade la conducta influida por la interaccion entre las personas y su pensamiento y su contexto social
Abraham Maslow – (1908-1970) The song of Russian-Jewish immigrants to New York, remembered his childhood as unhappy, lonely, isolated, depressing. A good student, his focus moved from music and drama to psychology, in which he became fascinated with behaviorism – which he later rejected. Early in his career as a psychology professor in New York, he came in contact with many of the finest Jewish scholars who had fled Nazi persecution in Europe during World War II. He became interested in ways that psychology could be used to promote world peace.
Echoic Memory – a momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli; if attention is elsewhere, sounds and words can still be recalled within 3 to 4 seconds
Conformity – we alter our actions or opinions to match other group members in order to be accepted (groups 3 or more)
The thinly myelinated fibers that make up a person's afferent pain fibers are known as:
flow – a completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one's skills.
amphetamines – drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing speeded up body functions and associated energy and mood changes
nurture – the influence of the environment on personality, physical growth, intellectual growth, and social interactions.
attitude – feelings, often based on our beliefs, that predispose us to respond in a particular way to objects, people, and events
The thinly myelinаted fibers thаt mаke up a persоn's afferent pain fibers are knоwn as:
Positive punishment – following an undesired response by adding an unpleasant stimulus to decrease the likelihood of the behavior reoccurring
The Psychological Approach – Cognitive Approach – This approach assumes abnormal behaviour occurs through faulty maladaptive thinking. 'Beck' identified the cognitive triad: NEGATIVE THOUGHTS ABOUT THE FUTURE, NEGATIVE THOUGHTS ABOUT ONESELF, NEGATIVE THOUGHTS ABOUT THE WORLD.

The automatic process describes how these thoughts happen automatically, without the person being aware of them.

cross-sectional study – research method in which data is collected from groups of participants of different ages and compared so that conclusions can be drawn about differences due to age

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