Womens Study Exam 2

Human Capital Theory – – Theory that women choose to invest less than men in work outside the home, so they get less in return.
– A way to push blame onto women for their situation
– Misinterprets "choice" – self-imposed choice versus structurally imposed choice (women as mothers, etc.)
ADHD as a gendered issue – boys are most likely to be diagnosed with ADHD because of their behavior
feminist spirituality movement – variety of non biblical religions that include female images of the divine; also known as women's spirituality movement
Triangle shirtwaist factory – Tragic fire in New York on March 25, 1911 that lead workers to strike
household – consists fo "all the people who occupy a housing unit."
Learned helplessness – Ineffective methods of getting help…lose hope….those who report are usually neighbors, family, extended family members, children
Gender Mainstreaming – scrutiny of policies and laws to make sure that they do not have adverse effects on women but rather will be supportive of women's needs
3 Ways the American Indian Women's roles changed after the arrival of European settlers? – ????????????
Materialist theory – nothing exists other than what can physically be seen
Lily – First women's rights newspapers
essentialism – the view that people have some inherent essence, or characteristics and qualities, that define them. ex. that woman are essentially more caring and nurturing then men
"The personal is political" – – explains how things taken as personal or idiosyncratic have broader social, political, and economical causes and consequences
– situations that we are encouraged to view as personal are actually a part of broader culture patterns and arrangements
Global North and South – Division of the world into wealthy (North) and poor (South)
role congruity theory – idea that we are less likely to assign people to roles that call for qualities associated with the other gender
Body Politic – the many parts that together make a whole organic entity of society (conflict between female bodies and public space)
WLUML – Sunder- International network; how Muslim women may empower themselves despite living under repressive culture and religion; cultural dissent approach disrupts the myth that religion is unchangeable and homogenous by: challenging what is considered essential to Islam faith, promoting idea of "right of identity" & interpret religion/culture in ways that suit their desires in all aspects of their lives
women's studies – field of study that examines women's lives from a feminist perspective
Reasons why women outlive men – men are more stressed, work in more hostile environments, risk taking behaviors, infant mortality rate (gangs,driving fast,drinking)
essentialism – the view that people have some inherent essence, or characteristics and qualities, that define them. ex. that woman are essentially more caring and nurturing then men
Health Research 1990s – NIH revitalization act of 1993 required: women and minorities and subpopulations be included in all NIH biomedical and behavioral research, in phase III clinical trials in numbers adequate for valid analysis of differences, in intervention effects, cost not be basis for exclusion, support for outreach program to recruit these individuals for clinical trials
Socialist feminism – Radical change to combat capitalist patriarchal heterosexist institutions and society
vertical segregation – different for men and women in the same job
hostile work environment – no explicit demand for an exchange of sexual acts for work-related conditions but being subjected to a pattern of harassment as par tof the work environment

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