Political Science 100 Essential Ideas About Politics Part 3

Central planning – extreme form of economic intervention
Great Compromise – The compromise between the New Jersey and Virginia plans that created one chamber of the Congress based on population and one chamber representing each state equally, also called the Connecticut Compromise.
a. A bicameral (two branches or chambers) legislature in which the lower chamber, the House of Representatives, would be apportioned according to the number of free inhabitants in each state, plus three-fifths of the slaves.
b. An upper chamber, the Senate, which would have two members from each state elected by the state legislatures.
Political efficacy – the ability to influence government and politics
Balanced Budget – A spending plan in which the governments expenditures are equal to its revenue.
Common law – law based on current standards or customs of the people
Which type of media was first to provide an outlet for political opinion? – Print media
US Court of Appeals – (13 courts, 167 Justices)
Has appellate jurisdiction
We elect a President for how many years?
Mapp v. Ohio – A landmark case in the area of U.S. criminal procedure, in which the United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment protection against "unreasonable searches and seizures" may not be used in criminal prosecutions in state courts, as well as federal courts. — , Established the exclusionary rule was applicable to the states (evidence seized illegally cannot be used in court)
civil rights – rules to protect individuals from unequal treatment by the govt or other individuals
Outbidding – 2 or more groups compete for support and try to outbid each other
Elites – The top or most influential people in the political system
527 organizations – Independent groups that seek to influence the political process but are not subject to contribution restrictions because they do not directly advocate the election of a particular candidate.
prohibition – prevention by law of sale/manufacture of alcohol (1920-1933)
We elect а President fоr hоw mаny yeаrs?
Separation of Powers – State in which the powers of the government are divided into 3 different branches: Legislative, executive, and judicial.
Political action committees (PAC) – organizations that raise and distribute money for campaigns
Public interest groups – Interest groups made for reasons

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