Dive Biology Terms Lesson 3

Bacteria – DOMAIN: single-celled, prokaryotes
Which of the following produces the most ATP when glucose (C6H12O6) is completely oxidized to carbon dioxide (CO2) and water? – oxidative phosphorylation (chemiosmosis)
aposematic coloration – Bright warning colors in animals with a chemical defense.
craniates – Chordates with a head, have a skull, brain, eyes, sensory organs, and the neural crest, a collection of cells near the dorsal margins of the closing neural tube in an embryo
diploid – of a cell or organism having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number
Cell wall – Stiff outer barrier of a plant cell, outside the cell membrane, which is made mostly of cellulose
Domain Archaea – Includes only weird bacteria (atypical cell walls)
Radiographic image of the uterus and uterine tubes
catalyst – substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
Vacuole – Organelle that temporarily stores materials
Design theorists – A proponent of the theory that nature shows tangible signs of having been designed by a preexisting intelligence.
Brittle star – Type of echinoderm that is extremely fragile allowing it to escape a predator easily; broken parts regenerate
centralization – The presence of a central nervous system (CNS) distinct from a peripheral nervous system.
product – A chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
Rаdiоgrаphic imаge оf the uterus and uterine tubes
Golgi Apparatus – Processes, modifies, packages and sorts proteins.
Approximately how many molecules of ATP are produced from the complete oxidation of two molecules of glucose (C6H12O6) in aerobic cellular respiration? – 60-64
reactants – the substances changed during a chemical reaction

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