enzyme – A macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that increases the rate of a reaction without being consumed by the reaction. Most enzymes are proteins.
hydrolysis – Reaction where water split into two hydrogens and one oxygen; this breaks a polymer.
Surface-to-volume ratio – mathematical relation in which the volume of an object expands in three dimensions, but its surface area expands in only two dimensions; a constraint on cell size and shape
cytoplasm – material inside the cell membrane
haploid – One set of chromosomes.
large intestine – The last section of the digestive system, where water is absorbed from food and the remaining material is eliminated from the body
Plasma B cell – B cells that release their specific antibodies which then circulate through the body, binding to antigens (pathogens).
Blood Products – Plasma; maintains pH of blood due to proteins, Red Blood Cells; tranports oxygen and CO2 in haemoglobin around body 7-8 um in size, White Blood cells; immune defence, Platelets; repair of blood vessels
observation – the act of perceiving a natural occurance that causes someone to pose question
Which of the following is not a fat-soluble vitamin?
Digestive System – mouth → oesophagus → stomach → liver → pancreas → small intestine → large intestine → rectum → anus
daughter cells – The result of cell division, and each daughter cell is capable of dividing again.
Autosomal inheritance – Inheritance of a genetic trait not on a sex chromosome
entropy – A measure of disorder or randomness.
polypeptide – a long chain of several amino acids
IPSC – Induced pluripotent stem cells. Adult stem cells that have been reprogramed to act like blastocyst cells.
Tracheids – the elongated cells of the xylem that provide structure as well as conducting water and minerals
Which оf the fоllоwing is not а fаt-soluble vitаmin?
cline – a geographic gradient in the extent to which a character is developed in a species
580. Do the blood supplies of mother and embryo intermix? – No. They stay completely separate.
Cation – a positively charged ion (lost an electron)