#5 Biology Eca Review 2014

Top consumer – the last consumer in a food chain; is not directly preyed upon
Cellular respiration – What cells do to break up sugars into a form that the cell can use as energy. This happens in all forms of life. Cellular respiration takes in food and uses it to create ATP, a chemical which the cell uses for energy.
joint capsule – A sheath made of connective tissue that covers the connecting bones at a joint.
Archegonia – a female reproductive structure producing gametes, occurring in ferns, mosses, fungi, and algae
sexual reproduction – Process by which cells from two different parents unite to produce the first cell of a new organism. ie. birds, humans, maple trees sexual reproduce
Most multicellular organisms begin as a single cell. – true
pinna – flesh part of the ear, collects sound and channels it into ear
channel looping of amino acids forming doughnuts lets sugars amino acids through receptor transports information from outside of cell into interior of cell marker identifies cells – What are three kinds of cell surface proteins and the function of each?
endotoxin – A toxin that is actually a structural component of the bacteria.
Nucleus – the central membrane-bound organelle that manages or controls cellular functions.
Which muscle extends the elbow?
Gradualism – A proposed explanation in evolutionary biology stating that new species arise from the result of slight modifications (mutations and resulting phenotypic changes) over many generations.
chromatid – one of the replicated chromosomes
inborn behavior – Instinctive or reflexive behavior that an animal possesses from birth.
What are the 4 organic compounds? – carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acid

10.2 – Fourth phase of mitosis, where the chromosomes gather at opposite ends of the cell and lose their distinct shapes. Then 2 new nuclear envelopes will form.

purine – one of two types of nitrogenous bases found in nucleotides, characterized by a six-membered ring fused to a five-membered ring; examples include adenine (A) and guanine (G)
First Law of Thermodynamics – States that energy can be converted from one form to another, but cannot be created or destroyed.
Which muscle extends the elbоw?
Compound eye – An eye made of many lenses, each with a very limited scope

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