the effect of the immigration reforms: undocumented workers and changes in racial/ethnic composition of the nation
civil movement to undo the Plessy v ferguson and show that it was separate but unequal.
B. Graduate programs equality was gone and they didn't have separate schools because whites thought blacks wouldn't get high education.
Gaines was denied admission because of race. Their was no law school available for his color so the state would raise funds to build his own law school. He also had another option which was to go to school out of state
the argument: if he was send out of state to go to school your violating the law
Gaines won because if he was send out state: they will be violating own law showed separate but unequal.
Sweatts casse in 1950 he was from texas and admitted in school but was not allowed to in class and not given access to campus. Painter said he was admitted and he is learning and given everything
Supreme court decision: Sweatt won! he was denied access to campus.
McLaurin cases in 1950 he was admitted and able to go to class on campus but will have to sit in hallway. He was than let in class but sit in reserve area and also in cafeteria. The arugment was that he was given everything. The supreme court decided that McLaurin won because he was denied access to talk to students
Proving that all these cases showed separate but unequal but only applied to colleges.
D. Elementary school.
Brown v board of education case for all 5 other cases.
the strategies was previous finding of other cases.
The Mendez case in 1947 when school segregated was illegal to race other justifications not on race but intelligent. They must reach a certain level to admitted. Mendez kids weren't allowed due to their skin color. This case opened up separate but unequal. If you can find in California you can find everywhere and school segregated was negative for self-esteem towards black kids.
E. The doll study by kenneth Clarke
he gave each kid a decision to choose from two different dolls all of them chose the white dolls. Two years later the decision was made brown won case it cause low self-esteem to kids again proving separate but unequal. Over turn Plessy v Ferguson, force to back up and gave green light to target in other areas to force them to back up the brown case by direct confrontation
A. "Chinatown", located in San Francisco
B. A Native American reservation in South Dakota
C. Isolated ethnic stores in a run-down urban area
D. An Amish community in rural Ohio
E. A commune in a college town – A. "Chinatown"