Ap English Language Composition Rhetorical Terms Set 4

anacoluthon – lack of grammatical sequence; a change in the grammatical construction within the same sentence
Ex. "Agreements are entered into when one state of facts exists–are they to be maintained regardless of changing conditions?"
rhetorical question – a question asked for the sake of persuasive effect rather than a genuine request for information
Connotation – the implied, suggested, or underlying meaning of a word or phrase. It is opposite of denotation which is the "dictionary definition" of the word.
Jargon – Special language of a profession or group
parallelism – technique of arranging words/phrases/clauses/larger structures by placing them side by side and making them similar in form. Parallel structure may be simple as listing two or three more of the same type of phrases (prepositional, participial, gerund, appositive) that modifiy the same noun or verb; may take forms of 2 or + subordinate clauses that modify the same noun or verb.
May be a complex blend of singe-word, phrase, and clause parallelism in the same sentence.
ie: Churchill : "We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields."
Euphemism – A more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept.
Argumentation – writing that attempts to prove the validity of a point of view or an idea by presenting reasoned arguments; persuasive writing is a form of it.
rhetorical strategies – compare/contrast, process analysis, definition, narration, cause/effect, or argument/persuasion. Could also refer to analysis, literary devices, imagery, compare/contrast, etc.
Apostrophe – address to an absent or imaginary person
Antihero – Protagonist of a literary work who does not embody that traditional qualities of a hero (e.g., honor, bravery, kindness, intelligence)
Point of view – Angle of seeing things, which shows readers/audience the opionion or feelings of individuals involved in a situation. In literature, point of view is mode of narration that author employs to let readers "hear" and "see" what takes place in the story
Rhetorical modes – This flexible term describes the variety, the conventions, and purposes of the major kinds of writing. The four most common rhetorical modes are exposition, argumentation, description, narration.
writing that attempts to prove the validity of a point of view or an idea by presenting reasoned arguments; persuasive writing is a form of it. – ARGUMENTATION
Juxtaposition – placing two or more things close together or side by side for comparison or contrast
conundrum – a riddle whose answer is or involves a pun
consulting – seeking help's for writing from a reader
Refutation – an attach on an opposing view in order to weaken it, invalidate it, of make it less credible.
narrative – The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.
EX. "Julia's narrative on the subject was striking."
metaphor – comparison w/o using like or as
example; "The assignment was a breeze."

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