Dive Biology Terms Lesson 11

incubation period – The period of time it takes for symptoms to appear after exposure to a pathogen.
Omnivore – An animal that eats both plants and animals
chlorophyll – a green pigment that is present in most plant cells, that gives plants their characteristic green color, and that reacts with sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to form carbohydrates
plankton – A wide range of microscopic organisms that float near the surface of the ocean, or other aquatic system.
nitrogen fixation – process of converting nitrogen gas into ammonia.
kilocalorie (kcal) – A quantity of heat equal to 1,000 calories. Used to measure the energy content of food, it is usually called a "Calorie."
exocytosis – process by which a cell releases a large amount of material
Exergonic reaction – A reaction that gives off free energy
DNA profiling – A procedure that analyzes DNA fragments to determine whether they come from a specific individual.
Quantitative data – the numeric data
A condition in which pathogenic microorganisms, usually bacteria, enter the bloodstream, causing a systemic inflammatory response to the infection is called
ribozymes – RNA molecules that function as enzymes.
homeostasis – the tendency of a system to maintain internal stability
autosomal gene – traits found on chromosomes 1-22 (i.e. hair texture)
Extinction – The disappearance forever of a species or population. A species may simply die (an evolutionary "dead end") out or it may evolve into other species
capillaries – In the human body, the ___________ are the smallest vessels of circulation.
A cоnditiоn in which pаthоgenic microorgаnisms, usuаlly bacteria, enter the bloodstream, causing a systemic inflammatory response to the infection is called
Heterozygous – When the two alleles are different for a particular characteristic.

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