Biology Flashcards: Macromolecules

disaccharides – A carbohydrate formed by a combination of two monosaccharides.
sunlight – The source of energy that drives photosynthesis
Rough ER – Has ribosomes attached
Asexual reproduction – The process resulting in the production of genetically identical offspring from one parent, without the fusion of gametes.
Lobes: – areas of the cerebral cortex; frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital
Atoms – The basic unit of matter. The pieces (or particles), are made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons.
The RDA for protein for a 151-pound woman is _____ grams per day.
ribosomal RNA (rRNA) – the RNA molecule that combines with proteins to form a ribosome
Contractile Vacuole – A fluid-filled vacuole in certain protists that takes up water from the cytoplasm, contracts, and expels the water outside the cell through a pore in the plasma membrane.
cell – smallest unit that can carry out all the processes of life.
temperature – One of the limiting factors that slows down the process of the Calvin Cycle by inhibiting the enxzymes. The rate limiting step affected by this limiting factor is the point where carbon dioxide is fixed.
autotroph – a synonym for producer
Cell cycle – the sequence of cell growth and division that occurs in a cell between the beginning of one cell division and the beginning of the next cell division
The RDA fоr prоtein fоr а 151-pound womаn is _____ grаms per day.
Sporophyte – the diploid generation in a plant's life cycle that produces spores
Mutation – An error in the DNA code. Can be harmless, harmful, or helpful.
paralogous genes – Homologous genes that are found in the same genome as a result of gene duplication.
Endoskeleton – A skeleton on the inside of a creature's body, typically composed of bone or cartilage

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