Biology Chapter 8: Photosynthesis

Minerals – Inorganic nutrients that the body needs usually in small amounts. Examples include Ca. Fe and Mg.
G1 Phase – Gap 1 phase, where growth occurs
antediluvian – Referring to a time before the great flood described in Genesis chapter 7.
organism – any individual living thing.
sympathetic division – The part of the autonomic nervous system that arouses the body to deal with perceived threats.
Stroma – Fluid-filled space outside the grana in which light-dependent reactions take place.
endoplasmic reticulum – internal membrane system found in eukaryotic cells; place where lipid components of the cell membrane are assembled
Membrane – A thin covering of tissue.
Species – The lowest taxonomic level of biological classification consisting of organisms capable of reproduction that results in fertile offspring.
replication fork – A Y-shaped region on a replicating DNA molecule where new strands are growing.
Use the following picture to answer the next two questions. Structure #44 is:
inorganic – pertains to chemicals that are not primarily composed of carbon
sexual reproduction – The creation of offspring by the fusion of two haploid sex cells (gametes), forming a diploid zygote.
stroma – material within the chloroplast that surrounds the grana of thylakoids
What are chromosomes and where are they carried? – They're carried in the nucleus and they hold information that control inherited characteristics in the form of genes.
polyp – the sessile, tubular form of a cnidarian with a mouth and tentacles at one end and a basal disk at the other
Eustachian tube – The ____________________ connects the middle ear to the throat.
Use the fоllоwing picture tо аnswer the next two questions. Structure #44 is:
Biology – The study of living things
transport protein – protein that allows passage of hydrophilic substances cross the cell membrane (because they can avoid contact with the lipid bilayer)
Totipotent – Describes stem cells that are able to differentiate into any cell type and are capable of giving rise to the complete organism.
What is the function of an osteoblast? – To build bones

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