Psychology Module 1

What are the implications of unrealistic optimism in dentistry – Pts may have unrealistic optimism about oral health diseases
Dentist need to identify if this is the case and make them aware of the health issues and its frequency
peripheral route persuasion – people respond to incidental cues, attractiveness, celebrity endorsement, etc. (faster judgements)
Event-related potentials (7.59) – Brian waves shown on the EEG in response to stimulation.
nerve deafness (sensorineural deafness) – an inability to hear, linked to a deficit in the body's ability to transmit impulses from the cochlea to the brain, usually involving the auditory nerve or higher auditory processing centers
Genes – Responsible for cognitive abilities, personality and psychological disorder
Intellegence – Human ability to solve problems using knowledge
Howard Gardner – Believes that mental abilities are independent of one another and can not be defined by one single measure; Multiple intelligences, which are all equally important
Virginia has gone into labor and the pain is intense. Her friends who are accompanying her to the hospital and have never had children want her to explain the pain. She says it is unlike anything she has ever experienced, but that the pressure is closest to that of a migraine headache and twisted ankle all in one. Though different in severity, the pain of childbirth, a migraine headache, and a twisted ankle all originate from tissue pressure or damage. These types of pain are classified as _____ pain.
somatic nervous system – carries messages from the CNS to muscles throughout the body
Priming – The activation, often unconsciously, of certain associations, thus predisposing one's perception, memory, or response.
Lobotomy – a now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain
Developmental view – the psychological perspective emphasizing changes that occur across the lifespan.
Virginiа hаs gоne intо lаbоr and the pain is intense. Her friends who are accompanying her to the hospital and have never had children want her to explain the pain. She says it is unlike anything she has ever experienced, but that the pressure is closest to that of a migraine headache and twisted ankle all in one. Though different in severity, the pain of childbirth, a migraine headache, and a twisted ankle all originate from tissue pressure or damage. These types of pain are classified as _____ pain.
Flashbulb Memory (7.23) – A clear and vivid long-term memory of an especially meaningful and emotional event.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder – A person with generalized anxiety disorder experiences persistent and excessive anxiety or worry that lasts at least six months.
Behaviorism: Key Concept – Observable behaviors, especially as they pertain to learning
Cognitive therapy – Emphasizes rational thinking (as opposed to subjective emotion, motivation, or repressed conflicts) as the key to treating mental disorder

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