Developmental Psychology Test 1

Sexual scripts (8.34) – Socially learned ways of responding in sexual situations.
near-death experience – An altered state of consciousness reported by people who were close to death due to cardiac or other medical problems that features out-of-body experiences, light at the end of a tunnel perceptions, and a state of calmness.
Kinesthesis – the system for sensing the position and movements of individual body parts
Zone of proximal development – The difference between what a child can do with help and what the child can do without any help or guidance.
nondirective – therapy style in which the therapist remains relatively neutral and does not interpret or take direct actions with regard to the client, instead remaining a calm, nonjudgmental listener while the client talks
Dependent Variable – variable we expect to experience a change which depends on the manipulation
Milgram's experiment – in pre experiment survey, the participants and psychologists predicted people would stop after pain was indicated but with men 20-50, 63% fully complied.
obedience was highest when:
-the person giving orders was close by and perceived as a legit authority
-the authority figure was supported by a prestigious institution (not Yale)
-the victim was depersonalized or at a distance
-there were no role models of defiance
Ego – the Latin for "I"; in Freud's theories, the mediator between the demands of the id and the superego
Telepathy – apparent communication from one mind to another without using sensory perceptions
Diego has contracted chicken pox, and all he can think about is how much school he will miss, the project he has due next week, and missing the pep rally this weekend. Which of the following factors of the common-sense model of illness does this description best fit?
self-fulfilling prophecy – assume an end result, so you unconsciously start working toward that goal
Introspection – How to inwardly see how people were feeling
inferential statistics – numerical methods used to determine whether research data support a hypothesis or whether results were due to chance
Diegо hаs cоntrаcted chicken pоx, аnd all he can think about is how much school he will miss, the project he has due next week, and missing the pep rally this weekend. Which of the following factors of the common-sense model of illness does this description best fit?
social psychology – the scientific study of how a person's thoughts, feelings, and behavior are influenced by the real, imagined, or implied presence of others
intuition – instinctive knowing (without the use of rational processes)
modeling – the process of observing and intimidating a specific behavior
binocular cues – depth perception cues that require the use of both eyes

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