Exploring Psychology Ninth Edition Chap 2

Binocular cues – information taken in by both eyes that aids in depth perception, including binocular convergence and retinal disparity
Attribution – Act of making judgments about the causes for another's behavior
Capacity of LTM – Potentially unlimited
positive reinforcement – increasing behaviors by presenting positive stimuli, such as food. Any stimulus that, when presented after a response, strengthens the response.
Grouping – the the perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups
Habituation – decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infants gain familiarity with repeated exposure to a visual stimulus,
their interest wanes and they look away sooner. (p. 171)
anterograde amnesia – loss of memory for events immediately following a trauma
Schizophrenia – A psychotic disorder involving distortions in thoughts, perceptions, and/or emotions
Conditioned/Secondary Reinforcers – a stimulus that has acquired reinforcing value by being associated with a primary reinforcer
According to the National Sleep Foundation, which group of people is properly paired with the average number of hours of sleep its members need?
Group Processes – Groups consist of two or more people.
sensory neurons – neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory receptors to the brain and spinal cord.
Dependent variable – the variable that the experimenter measures at the end of the experiment
dependent variable – the outcome factor
Accоrding tо the Nаtiоnаl Sleep Foundаtion, which group of people is properly paired with the average number of hours of sleep its members need?
Experiment – A kind of research in which the researcher controls all the conditions and directly manipulates the conditions, including the independent variable.
sensory adaptation – occurs after sensory receptors are exposed to a constant stimulus after a period of time, they stop sending neural signals to the brain
storage – Retention of encoded info over time.
Nervous System – the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, consisting of all the nerve cells of the peripheral and central nervous systems.

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