Chapter 1: Psychology’s History And Approaches (myers Psychology For Ap)

Retroactive Learning – The disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of old information
fMRI (Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) – a technique for revealing blood flow and, therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans.
family study – analysis of how traits run in family
neurogenesis – the formation of new neurons
Gender Benders/Androgynes – do not easily fit into the above categories as they may be constraining
Synaptic cleft – A microscopic gap between the terminal button of a neuron and the cell membrane of another neuron.
hassles – the daily annoyances of everyday life
false consensus effect – the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our beliefs and behaviors
What was one of the serious limitations of the 1974 study by Friedman & Rosenman that calls into question the generalizability of its results?
time-out – an extinction process in which a person is removed from the situation that provides reinforcement for undesirable behavior, usually by being placed in a quiet corner or room away from possible attention and reinforcement opportunities
Biological Psychology – Specialized branch of psychology that studies the relationship between behavior and bodily processes and systems; also called biopsychology
Face validity – An experiment has this if common sense tells us that a measurement procedure assesses the intended characteristic
Allports theory – Central traits – a personality trait which is a motivator and determinant of behaviour
Cardinal traits – a personality trait which is present in varying degrees in all people within a culture or society
Secondary traits – a personality trait which is present in varying degrees in all people
Chunking – Organizing into familiar units.
Ex. A powerpoint
Whаt wаs оne оf the seriоus limitаtions of the 1974 study by Friedman & Rosenman that calls into question the generalizability of its results?
myelin sheath – A fatty coating covering segments on the outside of an Axon

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