Linguistics 1: Language And The Brain

Xanadu – An idyllic, perfect place
_______ is a scientist that studio language – linguist
Food Foragers – Hunt, fish, and gather wild plants
Hunter gatherers
Synesthesia – describing one kind of sensation in terms of another (EX: Her perfume tasted fruity)
Mode of discourse – A type of writing. Usually described as the following types: exposition – illustrates a point, narration – tells a story, description – creates a sensory image, and argumentation – takes a position on an issue and defends it.
acts of identity – a model of interaction that claims those in Creole speaking communities vary their speech as a way to present a particular identity in a particular situation
signifier – a spoken or signed word or a word on a page
language – a vehicle of thought that transfers thought from one person to another; a system of arbitrary signs; a set of elements and a system of rules for combining those elements into patterned expressions that serve to accomplish specific tasks in specific contexts; an arbitrary vocal system used by human beings to communicate with one another; social action, with work to perform
competence vs. performance – first one refers to one's underlying knowledge of a system, event, or fact. Non-observable ability to do something, to perform something. The second is the overtly observable and concrete manifestation or realization of competence. Chomsky believes that any theory of language must rely on the first, and not the second.
Diction – Related to style, _____ refers to the writer's word choices, especially with regard to their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness. For the AP Exam you should be able to describe an author's _____ (for example, formal or informal) and understand how it compliments the author's purpose. _____, combined with syntax, figurative language, literary devices, etc., creates an author's style.
Incubus – (1965) Filmed entirely in Esperanto
less popular than star trek
four main components of language – — pragmatics
— grammar (syntax and morphology)
— semantics
— phonology
_______ is a scientist that studio language – linguist
Dictionaries and Other Reference Aids (vocabulary instruction) – -Allow students to easily eliminate inappropriate definitions based upon the context of a defined word.
-For example, in searching for the definition of the word "board" in a dictionary, students can eliminate the wrong definitions of "board" by looking at the word in the context of the sentence
-In this example, the definition of "board" is, "to get on a train, an airplane, a bus or a ship"
-The teacher next has students substitute the most likely definition for "board" in the original sentence to verify that the sentence makes sense: "The children were waiting to 'get on' the buses"

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