Psychology In Everyday Life Chapter 6

the "start-eating" and "stop-eating" centers are located in… – the hypothalamus
Self-Efficacy – One's perceived abilities and competence. According to the Social Learning and Expectancy theory, this depends on four kinds of social experiences: personal experiences of the student; vicarious experiences (observing the rewards or punishments others receive for certain behaviors); social persuasion (the amount of support or encouragement a student receives); and the kind of emotional feedback given to a student.
Irreversibility (9.31) – The inability, in the preoperational child, to think through a series of events or mental operations and then mentally reverse the steps.
Burnout – Physical and emotional exhaustion, cynicism, and a lowered sense of self-efficacy that can by brought on gradually through chronic work-related stress.
Not-so-free (Norm of reciprocity) – We treat people like they treat us. If somebody gives us a free sample we feel compelled to give them something.
interference Theory – The theory that people forget not because memories are lost from storage but because other information gets in the way of what they want to remember
Moral Anxiety – when the ego becomes overwhelmed by threats of punishment from the superego such as guilt
Dr. Jackson deliberately provided medication that would end the life of his long-suffering patient, who had given their consent for Dr. Jackson do so. This is an example of:
tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) phenomenon – experience of knowing that we know something but being unable to access it
cause – A person or thing that gives rise to an action, phenomenon, or condition.
Cerebellum – A large, two-sided hindbrain structure at the back of the brain responsible for muscle coordination and maintaining posture and equilibrium
participant observation – a descriptive research method in which the observer becomes part of the group being observed
Dr. Jаcksоn deliberаtely prоvided medicаtiоn that would end the life of his long-suffering patient, who had given their consent for Dr. Jackson do so. This is an example of:
antagonists – Chemical substances that block or reduce a cell's response to the action of other chemicals or neurotransmitters.
para sympathetic system – nervous system that is responsible for slowing down the body after a stress response
Intelligence – Describes many related abilities, such as the capacities to reason, to plan, to solve problems, to use language, and to learn.

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