Anthropology (chapter 1: What Is Anthropology?)

Multilingual societies – Political dynamics hierarchy as range languages
Anthropologists don't agree with – Herbert Spencer's concept of development
Mana – A sacred impersonal force that can reside in people, animals, plants, and objects
gradualism – steady slow and continuous, a slow process
Rent funds – Any money spent on higher institutions
colonialism – Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
symbiosis – a close, prolonged relationship between 2 or more organisms

Ex: humans and parisites

Nonhuman Primate Communication Systems – have the ability to symbol, to refer to something or a class of things with an arbitrary label
Catastrophism dictates that the tempo of geological change is: – Sudden
Main characteristics of human life history – 1) exceptionally long lifespan
2) extended period of juvenile dependence (prolonged childhood)
3) support of reproduction by allomothers (especially male provisioning of adult females and their offspring)

Also: a large brain relative to body size and an associated increase in cognitive capacities (especially planning and learning)

diffusion – cultural change.. the spread of culture traits from one culture to another
Nationality – Sense of identification with and loyalty to a nation-state
paleomagnetic dating – dating method based on the earth's shifting magnetic pole
Vasodilation – Capillaries widen at the skin surface. Reduce heat.
Morphology – The forms in which sounds combine to form
Phase III: Excavations – large-scale excavations – VERY expensive, don't happen too often
What are the six nature of culture – 1. Learned
2.super-organic(not biological) and superindiviual( shared by other member of society)
3. Integrated
4. Ideational
5. Adaptive, not static; can and does change
6. Embedded in relations of power
Main characteristics of human life history – 1) exceptionally long lifespan
2) extended period of juvenile dependence (prolonged childhood)
3) support of reproduction by allomothers (especially male provisioning of adult females and their offspring)

Also: a large brain relative to body size and an associated increase in cognitive capacities (especially planning and learning)

diffusion – the borrowing by one society of a cultural trait belonging to another society as the result of contact between two societies
phonetics – mapping sound
-4000 unique sounds
-each language uses about 50 sounds

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